VEGA: July 2020 Portfolio Manager Review

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Portfolio Update

  July 2020 YTD
VEGA NAV 4.13% -2.17%
MSCI AC World Index 5.29% -1.29%
Cboe S&P 500 Buy Write Index (BXM) 3.85% -11.84%
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index (AGG) 1.49% 7.72%

As of 7.31.2020.

In July the market continued the upward momentum it began in mid-April. The S&P 500 closing out the month with a return of 5.46%. Fixed Income also posted positive returns, however not quite as robust as equities.


The top performers in July were U.S. Large Cap equity based positions with Communication Services (XLC) leading with a return of 7.57%. Other sector specific exposures did well with Consumer Staples (XLP), Technology (XLK) and Healthcare (XLV) with returns of 6.92%, 5.68% and 5.46%.


There was only negatively contributing position in July was Hedged Non-U.S. Developed (DBEU), which had a return of -2.25%.

Top Holdings

Ticker Security Description Portfolio Weight %

As of 7.31.2020.


Covered Calls
July ended up a being a relatively quiet month in terms of the options work done in the VEGA. Going into the month of July, VEGA had sold Covered Calls against the SPY with a strike of $339. By July expiration the market’s meteoritic rise had begun to stall and the SPY was pricing around $320, which was well below the established strike of $339. This allowed the Covered Calls to expire. New Covered Calls were sold again for August with the same strike of $339. As of this writing, the new Covered Calls for August appear to be on pace to also expire.

Protective Puts
Protective Puts are a source of consternation for VEGA. While the market has mostly trended upward since April, with the exception of a few days in June, the Volatility Index continues to remain relatively high. The VIX continues to price above 20, its historical average. This relatively high VIX pricing is also coupling with a higher than average demand for protection. Looking at the open interest on Protective Puts the December 2020 $250 Puts have an open interest of over 145,000 contracts. Compare that to 4,000 on the same strike calls or 10,000 for the same Out-of-the-Moneyness Calls (Dec $410 Calls). The demand for Protective Puts is being driven by the continued havoc of COVID-19 and the upcoming U.S. election. While it will probably be important to carry Protective Puts into November, purchasing them at unwarranted prices may prove fool-hardy. During July VEGA continues to search for the perfect level of cost and protection for the Puts.

Volatility-Based Reinvestment
The 200-day trended upward to 25.86 at the beginning of June. As explained last month, it seems counter initiative that the 200-day moving average should rise when the VIX trended down, it was due to the very low VIX experienced in the summer of 2019 has begun to drop out of the 200-day moving average. This means that to do a volatility-based reinvestment VEGA would need to experience a VIX of above about 60 before cash could be deployed. During the month of June the VIX hit an intraday high of about 33.66, which is not close enough to the 60 needed to invest any remaining cash.

Tactical Shifts
VEGA continues to look for opportunities for Tactical Shifts. VEGA is currently satisfied with its current exposure to the global. While this means no recent Tactical Shifts were made during July and there are no intended ones for the future, VEGA will continue to seize on opportunities that present themselves in the current market environment.

When the new calls were sold against the S&P 500 in the beginning of July the beta of the portfolio was at .63. This is just slightly above our historical target beta of .60. It maybe that there is more volatility between now and the beginning of 2021. With that assumption, VEGA does not wish to increase its Beta too far beyond it’s historical average, especially given that Volatility-Based Reinvestment was already done on a large scale in early 2020, giving VEGA less cash that in 2019 to accommodate more market drops and high volatility.

Fixed Income
VEGA completed a Fixed Income overhaul during May and June. In which High Yield and Bank Loans were removed in favor of ultra-low duration holdings. The current duration of the portfolio remains at about 2.20, up slightly from 2.19 last month. A majority of the VEGA’s holding lie in AA rating or above. The 12 month yield on the portfolio is currently at 1.91%.

Market Review


In July, even as major economic indicators show signs of a reversal amidst the return to lockdowns around the world, foreign and domestic stock markets continued their unfaltering ascent. During the month of July, the MSCI ACWI Index gained 5.33%, bringing the global stock index just 0.27% shy of breaking even YTD. Similarly, the MSCI Emerging Markets stock Index experienced sizable gains of 9.03% during July, bringing the YTD total return to a loss of just 1.60%. Domestically, while both large and small caps experienced gains, on a YTD basis results are mixed.  Specifically, the S&P 500 gained 5.64% during the month, bringing the index further into the green with a 3.19% gain YTD.  The Russell 2000, however, while notching a 2.77% gain for July, is still significantly in the red YTD having posted a decline of 8.97% from the beginning of the year through July 31st.

Turning now to fixed income, Treasury yields remained largely range bound, ending the month slightly lower on both ends of the yield curve on expectations of continued aggressive monetary and fiscal expansion.   At the front end of the curve, the 2-year peaked at the beginning of July with a yield of 0.15% before falling to end the month at the low-point of 0.11%.  On the longer side, this relationship continued as the 10-year began the month yielding 0.69%, its highest level for the month, before declining to its lowest point of 0.55% where it ended July.  Looking forward, we continue to expect rates to remain largely range bound as the Federal Reserve indicated at its most recent press conference in late July that it is “not even thinking about thinking about raising interest  rates, and [the recovery] will take continued support for both monetary and fiscal policy.”

In fixed income markets, major indices notched gains across the board, as even perceived high-risk instruments inched closer toward YTD gains.  The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate and Global Aggregate earned 1.49% and 3.19% respectively for the month, up 7.61% and 5.87% YTD.  Riskier high-yield assets experienced sizeable increases, with the U.S. High Yield Master II Index ending July with a 4.78% gain – bringing it just 0.01% from breaking even YTD.  Safer investment-grade instruments gained 3.21% throughout the month, up 9.47% YTD. 

Notably, the high-yield portion of the fixed income market played a solid game of “catch-up” in the month of July, bringing the index closer to flat on the year as well as tightening the gap on corporate bond spreads as shown in the following graph from Capital Economics.  This relentless pursuit for yield is especially interesting considering 2020 is on pace to have the highest number of retail bankruptcies in a decade according to a recent S&P Global Market Intelligence report, with the current YTD number of bankruptcies totaling 43 at the end of July.

Source: Capital Economics

Retailers and service providers alike have all but forgotten of the potential for a quick “V” recovery, as many restaurants open for service in the streets or spare parking lots.  This is just one example of consumer-facing businesses scrambling to grapple with the new-norm of a restricted operating environment as COVID-19 cases continue to climb throughout the country and hotspots emerge throughout the world.  Domestically, July solidified the reversal of declining COVID-19 trends as cases rose by over 1.9 million, more than double the number of new cases recorded in any single previous month.  In total, as of the end of July, the U.S. death toll increased by almost 25,000, bringing the total death count from the novel coronavirus to 152,000 – an increase of at least 19%.  Overall cases have surpassed 4.65 million with more than 58,000 new cases daily on a national basis. 

On a brighter note, however, significant progress has continued to be made on the push to develop a vaccine for the virus, as both Moderna/NIH’s and Pfizer/BioNTech’s candidates entered Phase III trials during the month.  This is the most significant trial in a vaccination’s approval process and one of the final benchmarks prior to the vaccine seeking regulatory approval, which the companies currently aim to achieve as early as October.  The U.S. government has placed several orders to multiple candidate vaccine trials and has begun funding vaccine production sites in hopes of achieving operational capacity as soon as a vaccine receives approval from the relevant authorities

On the earnings front, it appears that after a majority of companies pulled earnings guidance for the year, most analysts assumed the worst and were perhaps overly-pessimistic to their EPS forecast revisions.  As the dust settles, the adaptability of many companies to the new challenges of a pandemic operating environment can be shown in FactSet’s latest earnings reports released July 31st. As of that date, 63% of companies that comprise the S&P 500 have reported actual earnings results for the second quarter of 2020. Of these, 84% reported earnings above EPS estimates and in aggregate companies are reporting earnings that are 21.8% above estimates. If these measurements prove to be accurate when 100% of companies have reported, it will mark the highest such earnings surprise since FactSet began collecting data in 2008.  While beating estimates is certainly bullish for equities, the reality of the situation is extremely bleak when compared with hard data.  The blended earnings decline, a metric which combines actual results for companies that have reported and estimated results for those that have yet to report, stood at -35.7% for Q2 2020, a number which – if accurate – would mark the largest year-over-year decline in earnings reported by the Index since Q4 2008.  Looking forward, it appears the overly negative sentiment towards earnings has been slightly corrected as analysts have raised their earnings expectations for the third quarter of 2020 up 1.1% to a decline of -22.9%.

U.S. Economy:

The U.S. economy continued its recovery from March/April lows, though experiencing significant missteps during the month as many states reemployed lockdowns, international demand once again subsided, and confidence in the recovery faltered. This slow but steady increase in business activity was enjoyed on both a supplier and consumer front, as shown by the additional data released throughout July capturing the effects of gradual economic reopening (and some re-imposed closures) in June.  Despite an increasingly strict operating environment, the U.S. Census’ advanced estimate for retail and food services showed a 7.5% month-over-month increase in sales for June, bringing the category to a 1.1% year-over-year increase.  In addition, the average rate on a 30-year fixed-rate-mortgage (FRM) fell to a historic low of 2.98% in mid-July before edging up slightly towards the end of the month.  As of July 23rd, the 30-year FRM stood at 3.01% which enables 15.6 million homeowners to benefit from a reduction of at least 0.75% with an average monthly savings of $289, as reported by Black Knight. With an aggregate savings of more than $4.5 billion a month, this is poised to be a serious tailwind for the home-owning American consumer. 

Speaking more on older but still relevant data, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released their preliminary estimate for real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the second quarter of 2020.  In the report, the BEA estimates that the U.S. Economy experienced a 32.9% year-over-year decline in economic activity, or a quarterly decline of about 9%.  This marks the steepest decline in economic activity since the government started keeping records in 1947 and compares to the slightly less substantial quarterly drop of 5% experienced in the first quarter of the year.  The decrease in GDP was led by a 34.6% decline in consumption spending as the lockdowns in late March and April forced consumers to stay home. Fiscal stimulus contributed towards a 2.7% increase in government spending, a number which would have been larger had there not been a 5.6% drop in state and local spending amidst their drop in tax revenue. 

Turning now to the data available for the month of July, the resurgence of COVID-19 is certainly beginning to follow through to aggregate economic readings.  Specifically, on the consumer front, unemployment has ended its nearly two-month trend of declines and experienced several instances of weekly increases in mid-to-late July.  As for the most recent report for the week ending July 25th, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial unemployment claims increased by 12,000 to 1,434,000.  With this, the 4-week moving average increased for the first time in 4 weeks by 6,000 to 4,368,500, followed by an increase in the unemployment rate of 0.5% to 11.6%.  With an unemployed population of 17,018,000, the 4-week moving average was still observed to decrease by 435,000 to 17,058,250.

The news of a return to lockdown, increases in unemployment and decreases in economic activity has taken a toll on the minds of the consumer.  In its most recent report, the University of Michigan Survey of Consumers showed consumer confidence sinking further in late July.  The index notched across the board declines in the Indexes of Consumer Sentiment, Current Economic Conditions, and Consumer Expectations.  Of note is the decline in the Index of Consumer Expectations, which decreased from 72.3 in June to 65.9 in July, which is tied with the 6-year low recorded in May. While this marks a decrease of around 26% for each index compared to the same month one year prior, the sentiment index has remained largely trendless over the past 4 months, averaging 73.7.   As consumer expectations fade, the U.S. Dollar experienced significant declines throughout the month, with the index that measures the dollar against six other major currencies on track for its worst month since 2011.  The U.S. Dollar index has slipped nearly 7% in the last three-month period. 

International Update:

Looking now at international economies, many of the trends experienced domestically can be seen abroad.  On the producer side, according to provisional Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) survey data, business activity across the Eurozone rose for the first time since February, growing at the fastest rate in just over two years.  Specifically, the Eurozone PMI Composite Output Index rose from 48.5 in June to a 25-month high of 54.8.  Its components, the Eurozone Services PMI Activity Index and Eurozone Manufacturing PMI Output Index rose to 55.1 and 54, respectively.  While these readings signal a return to growth for the private sectors throughout Europe, job cutting remained widespread as many firms continued to scale back capacity, especially in the manufacturing sector. Expectations, however, continued to improve as the expectations for future output rose to five-month highs in both manufacturing and services. 

July marked the first estimate of Q2 2020 GDP data for the EU as reported by Eurostat.  In its preliminary report, the department showed economic activity falling on a quarterly basis by 12.1% in the Euro Area and 11.9% in the EU.    This compares with quarterly contraction rates of 3.6% and 3.2%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2020.  These contraction rates are by far the steepest decline in economic activity since time series data began in 1995 and represent a year-over-year decline of 15% and 14.4% for the Euro Area and EU respectively.  On a member state basis, Spain recorded the highest quarterly decline of -18.5%, with Lithuania recording the lowest decline at -5.1%. 

On a consumer level, relative success in mitigating the spread of the virus and the successful reopening of key economies gave place to increases in consumer confidence throughout the European Union and European Area.  In July, as reported by the European Commission, the Economic Sentiment Indicator climbed to 82.3 and 81.8 in the Euro Are and EU, respectively.  In total, this marks a recovery of around half of the combined losses of March and April. Looking forward, the Employment Expectations Indicator also improved markedly for the third month in a row, rising to 87.0 in both regions.

This confidence in the recovery and resulting upticks in economic activity are expected to be somewhat short-lived, however, as new COVID-19 hotspots emerge across the European Bloc.  Spain, France, Germany, Belgium, and The Netherlands have each reported a spike between 58 and 206 percent in new cases reported per 100,000 people in the past two weeks compared to that reported 14 days prior, according to a recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO).  The seven-day rolling average of daily new cases was seen to begin rapidly increasing around July 6th to the 14th, only a few weeks after many of these economies reopened to limited services.

Outside of the EU, economic conditions continued to see improvement.  In the UK, for example, as lockdown restrictions throughout the country eased further, the Flash UK Composite Output Index rose nearly 10 points to 57.1, an incredible 61 month high and the first time the index was in expansion territory since February.

In Asia, however, while recovery made its way through many of the developed economies in the region, the economic downturn persisted in economies such as Japan.  Specifically, the preliminary Japan Composite Output Index rose from 40.8 in June to 43.9 in July, indicating a more modest reduction in private sector business activity throughout the country.  Using Japan as a case study since it is an economy largely reliant on trade flows, we are able to see that, despite the easing of emergency lockdown measures, the subdued global trade flows and restrictions on travel continue to have a long-lasting effect on the economy’s recovery. 

Thank you for your continued trust in Partnervest.

David Young
Partnervest Advisory Services, Chief Investment Officer
AdvisorShares STAR Global Buy-Wrtie ETF (VEGA) Co-Portfolio Manager

Rebecca Valdez
Partnervest Advisory Services, Director of Investments
AdvisorShares STAR Global Buy-Wrtie ETF (VEGA) Co-Portfolio Manager

Information is from sources deemed to be reliable, but accuracy is not guaranteed.

*Performance and pricing data used for VEGA ETF is based on the indicated value of the ETF at the close of the day.


Beta measures the sensitivity of an investment to the movement of its benchmark. A beta higher than 1.0 indicates the investment has been more volatile than the benchmark and a beta of less than 1.0 indicates that the investment has been less volatile than the benchmark.

The Barclays Capital U.S. Intermediate Government Bond Index measures the performance of U.S. Dollar denominated investment grade U.S. corporate securities that have a remaining maturity of greater than one year and less than ten years.

The Cboe S&P 500 BuyWrite Index (BXM) is a benchmark index designed to track the performance of a hypothetical buy-write strategy on the S&P 500 Index.

The Consumer Sentiment Index is a monthly survey of U.S. consumer confidence levels conducted by the University of Michigan. It is based on telephone surveys that gather information on consumer expectations regarding the overall economy.

covered call option involves holding a long position in a particular asset, in this case shares of an ETP, and writing a call option on that same asset with the goal of realizing additional income from the option premium.

Delta represents the rate of change between an option’s price and a $1 change in the underlying asset’s price. In other words, the price sensitivity of an option relative to the underlying.

Duration is a measure of the sensitivity of the price of a bond or other debt instrument to a change in interest rates.

The MSCI ACWI World Index is is an unmanaged free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed and emerging markets.

An option is a privilege, sold by one party to another that gives the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy (call) or sell (put) a stock at an agreed upon price within a certain period or on a specific date.

Exercising an option means to put into effect the right specified in the option contract.

An option premium is income received by an investor who sells or “writes” an option contract to another party.

A call option is considered Out Of The Money when the call option’s strike price is higher than the prevailing market price of the underlying stock. A put option is considered Out Of The Money when the put option’s strike price is lower than the prevailing market price of the underlying stock.

protective put is an option strategy which entails buying shares of a security and, at the same time, enough put options to cover those shares. This can act as a hedge on the invested security, since matching puts with shares of the stock can limit the downside (due to the nature of puts). 

The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector. The PMI is based on five major indicators: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries and the employment environment. A reading above 50 indicates expansion in the sector; below 50 indicates contraction.

put option is a contract that gives the owner of the option the right to sell a specified amount of the asset underlying the option at a specified price within a specified time.

A short position is the sale of a borrowed investment with the expectation that it will decline in value.

Theta is a measure of the rate of decline in the value of an option due to the passage of time.

Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.

Implied Volatility is the estimated volatility of a security’s price. In general, implied volatility increases when the market is bearish and decreases when the market is bullish. This is due to the common belief that bearish markets are more risky than bullish markets.

The Volatility Index (VIX) is the ticker symbol for the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) Volatility Index, which shows the market’s expectation of 30-day volatility. It is constructed using the implied volatilities of a wide range of S&P 500 index options. This volatility is meant
to be forward looking and is calculated from both calls and puts. The VIX is a widely used measure of market risk and is often referred to as the “investor fear gauge”. The VIX is a contrarian sentiment indicator that helps to determine when there is too much optimism or fear in the market.

Before investing you should carefully consider the Fund’s investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses. This and other information is in the prospectus, a copy of which may be obtained by visiting Please read the prospectus carefully before you invest. Foreside Fund Services, LLC, distributor.

There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund is subject to risk, including the possible loss of principal amount invested. Other Fund risks included: allocation risk; derivative risk; early closing risk; Exchange Traded Note risk; liquidity risk, market risk; trading risk; commodity risk; concentration risk; counterparty risk; credit risk; emerging markets and foreign securities risk; foreign currency risk; large-, mid- and small- cap stock risk. Please see the prospectus for detailed information regarding risk. The Fund is also subject to options risk. Writing and purchasing call and put options are specialized activities and entail greater than ordinary investment risk. The value of the Fund’s positions in options fluctuates in response to the changes in value of the underlying security. The Fund also risks losing all or part of the cash paid for purchasing call and put options. The Fund may not be suitable for all investors.

Shares are bought and sold at market price (closing price) not NAV and are not individually redeemed from the Fund. Market price returns are based on the midpoint of the bid/ask spread at 4:00 pm Eastern Time (when NAV is normally determined), and do not represent the return you would receive if you traded at other times. 

Holdings and allocations are subject to risks and change.

The views in this commentary are those of the portfolio manager and many not reflect his views on the date this material is distributed or any time thereafter. These views are intended to assist shareholders in understanding their investments and do not constitute investment advice.