VEGA: April 2020 Portfolio Manager Review

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Portfolio Update

  April 2020 YTD
VEGA NAV 7.35% -9.59%
MSCI AC World Index 10.71% -12.94%
Cboe S&P 500 Buy Write Index (BXM) 4.64% -18.612%
Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index (AGG) 1.78% 4.98%

As of 04.30.2020.

April was the antithesis of March. While March tumbled down in a dramatic fashion, April shot skyward never losing acceleration. While April’s returns were significant across most markets, they did not make up for the tumultuous start to 2020. There is more ground to cover, but it looks like worst is over. There are still potholes ahead, to be sure, but the mega hole has passed.

Equities and Fixed Income both had positive returns in April, but Equities outperformed Fixed Income significantly having been hit harder than Fixed Income in February and March. The best performers in the Equity space were the 3 of VEGA’s tactical sector bets and our broad U.S. Equity Large Cap exposure:

Security Description Ticker April 2020 Total Return


Since both Fixed Income and Equities in VEGA were positive this month, the laggard was really the cash position since the return on cash was flat.

Top Holdings

Ticker Security Description Portfolio Weight %

As of 04.30.2020.


April 2020 was the best April in 82 years for the S&P 500 with returns over 12%. April comes as a fresh breathe compared to both February and March returns, both of which were down dramatically, -8.41% and -12.51%, respectively. While the returns for the broad equity markets were astounding this month, what stands out is VEGA’s overall performance compared to the Cboe S&P 500 Buy Write Index (BXM) during the COVID-19 sell-off. VEGA outperformed BXM through peak to trough and experienced an accelerated recovery through the end of April. This is a only a small performance point of VEGA’s performance. VEGA outperformed BXM through upward trending markets as well outperforming in nearly every calendar return period. This speaks volumes to the benefit of VEGA’s integration of active management along with the use of options.

Covered Calls:
Having written about the high number of Covered Call trades from March, it seems anti-climactic to write about April’s Covered Call work. The final set of Covered Calls written in March were the March SPY $275 Calls. The calls remained Out-of-The-Money until the end of the last week of expiration when the SPY experienced a huge price surge. It seemed prudent given the high price swings of the market to cover the outstanding calls than to risk assignment. Unfortunately, those calls were covered for a loss. However, a few short days later new Covered Calls were established with a May expiration that helped to offset the loss of the repurchased Calls in April.

Protective Puts:
Protective Puts remained out of the portfolio for April. Having sold half of the Protective Puts in February and the other have in March to buffer the market decline the VEGA strategy was without puts going into April. As the volatility remained high, especially in the beginning part of April, the price to purchase new protection for the portfolio was not suitable at this time. Since volatility in a key component to the pricing of options, once volatility abates to more normalized levels and the price of puts become cheaper, they will be reintroduced into the portfolio.

Volatility-Based Reinvestment:
The 200-day trended upward to 20.03 at the beginning of April. However, based on the recent volatility-based reinvestment in which VEGA deployed 4 rounds of cash back into the underlying portfolio, the CBOE Volatility Index (VIX) needed to reach over 70 to initiate a 7th volatility-based reinvestment, which we did not hit during April. However, as the market rebounds off the lows, the VIX will trend back down bringing down the 200-day moving average, making the VBR target more accessible for smaller market corrections in the future.

Tactical Shifts:
VEGA continued to make tactical changes in the wake of COVID-19 destruction on the equity and fixed income markets. The first tactical shift made in the portfolio was to increase our exposure to U.S. Large Cap equity via increased exposure to Healthcare (XLV) at the expense of U.S. Small Cap (IWM). Healthcare is likely to gain access to government stimulus programs than Small Cap, the smaller companies having less experience at dealing with complex government programs. Support from lenders and capital sources is expected to be better for large companies. A secondary tactical shift took place mid-month, in which Bank Loans (BKLN) were moved from the Fixed Income portion of the portfolio. Similar to High Yield (HYGH, removed in February), Bank Loans carry additional risk beyond standard Fixed Income allocations. In order to better allocate the risk budget, BKLN was sold and the proceeds moved to cash. The intention is to re-home both proceeds from HYGH and BKLN shortly within the Fixed Income sleeve.

Beta trended up for April, as the Equity allocation has increased during February and March with the volatility-based reinvestments. After the Tactical shifts out of Small Cap and Bank Loans, the beta was slightly over its long term target of 0.60 and approximately 0.67, where it remained through April expiration.

Fixed Income:
Fixed Income within VEGA continues to maintain a low-to-moderate duration portfolio, the duration at the close of February was 4.04. VEGA continues to watch the Fed and will make appropriate adjustments when appropriate.

Market Review

The MSCI All Country World Total Return Index gained 10.71% (vs. a 13.50% decline in March) in the month of April, showing investor’s confidence in the strength of the world’s industry despite the temporary, but lingering, effects of the global shut-down. In comparison, in the United States, the S&P 500 stabilized from March’s historic levels of volatility, which included the index experiencing the largest average daily moves in history at 4.8%, according to Bespoke Investment Group In April, the S&P 500 and the Russell 2000 both enjoyed this increased stability and notched notable gains ending the month up 12.82% (vs. a 12.35% decline in March) and 13.74% (vs. a 21.73% decline in March) respectively on a total return basis. While none of these indices completely erased the steep declines they experienced in March, we believe it is clear that the drastic measures taken by both global fiscal and monetary authorities to shore up markets were received favorably.

During March, West Texas Intermediate (WTI) contracts experienced their largest drop in history, falling 54% (Source: yCharts) as demand virtually disappeared. This was due to the global shutdown of major businesses and manufacturers combined with the conflict between Russia and Saudi Arabia (two major oil producing countries that refused to curb output). As April concluded, more optimism emerged for the future of the industry as supply-cap agreements were reached and a re-balancing of supply and demand enabled the commodity to find some stable price footing.

Assuming the market declines persist, and the current global correction continues, we believe earnings are likely to decline sharply in the coming months. As earnings decline, the price of companies on a fundamental P/E basis are logically expected to increase, placing most companies in the S&P 500 in the potentially “overvalued” bucket as seen in the following graph.

Fixed income markets also experienced a strong rebound with the Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate Index posting a 1.96% gain at the end of April while also getting close to eliminating the -2.24% drop experienced in March. Domestically, the U.S. Credit market extended the rebound with the Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate ending the month up 1.78%, eliminating its 0.59% decline in March. While the rebound was enjoyed by both the investment grade and high yield portion of the credit markets, it is clear this was not an evenly distributed recovery. The S&P 500/MarketAxess Investment Grade Corporate Bond Index posted a 4.67% gain, getting close to erasing its 6.02% decline in March while the U.S. High Yield Master II Total Return Index notched only a modest 3.80% gain (vs. an 11.73% decline in March).

U.S. Economy
In late April, the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released their preliminary estimate of first quarter 2020 GDP growth following the global shutdown caused by COVID-19. The report showed a 4.80% decline for the quarter, worse than the 3.50% contraction predicted by Dow Jones economists. This represents the first negative GDP reading since the 1.10% decline in Q1 2014 and marks the steepest decline since the 8.40% fall at the height of the financial crisis in Q4 2008.


According to the BEA, “the decrease in real GDP in the first quarter reflected negative contributions from personal consumption expenditures (PCE), nonresidential fixed investment, exports, and private inventory investment that were partly offset by positive contributions from residential fixed investment, federal government spending, and state and local government spending.”

On an employment level, for the week ending April 25th, the U.S. Department of Labor reported seasonally adjusted initial unemployment claims of 3.8 million, bringing the six-week total to over 30 million. This stunning and unprecedented increase in unemployment claims represents an unemployment rate of approximately 20%, which would be the highest level of unemployment in the US since 1934 during the Great Depression. It is important to note that most analysts estimates do not cap the unemployment rate at a maximum of 20%. As an estimated 7 million more claims are expected to be filed in May, this rate is likely to increase before the potential to gradually rebound as employers work to re-staff and restart their operations.

Understandably, the latest consumer sentiment report from the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers placed the Consumer Sentiment Index lower at 71.8, a steep fall from the March level of 89.1. While the vast majority of those consumers surveyed anticipate “improved finances in addition to overall economic gains in the year ahead” arising from the diminishing nature of the coronavirus, half of all consumers surveyed claimed they were postponing purchases of such items as household durables due to uncertainty about future job and income prospects.

Speaking further on the demand-side of the economy, the IHS Markit Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) fell to 41.5 in April, down from 49.1 in March. This drop was caused by the unprecedented contraction experienced universally across the U.S. Manufacturing sector arising from the preemptive measures taken by all levels of government to curb the spread of Covid-19. These measures, amounting to both recommendations and mandates for non-essential workers to remain at home, have contributed to significant falls in both the demand and consumption portions of the index, as well as the fastest fall in employment in the sector since March 2009.

Turning to corporate earnings, 55% of S&P 500 companies have reported first quarter 2020 earnings as of May 1st, according to FactSet. Of these companies, 65% reported a positive earnings surprise, with 63% having reported a positive revenue surprise (likely due to decreased expectations given the market environment). However, the impacts of the pandemic have begun to take hold on even the safest companies in the U.S. The blended earnings decline for Q1 2020 is estimated to be at -13.70%, the lowest in the series history if FactSet’s blended earnings projection materializes. Looking forward to the next quarter, the universal near-term pessimistic sentiment of analysts place the Q2 2020 bottom-up EPS estimates at a decline of 28.40%. This figure is magnitudes higher than the 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year average and marks the biggest decline in quarterly EPS estimate in series history, breaking the previous record of -20.60% seen in Q1 2009.

For smaller businesses, sentiment seems to be increasing as a recent report from Morgan Stanley indicated the number of open businesses ticked up slightly, showing only 26% of businesses being closed. This report also highlighted some weaknesses in the Federal Governments relief plan implementation, reporting that of the 80% of polled small businesses’ (SMBs) which reported they were in the application process for qualified loans stemming from the CARES Act, only 15% had received funding. This is especially concerning for the 40% of polled SMBs which indicated that they would not be able to survive three months on current cash levels. This paints a picture of an extremely narrow time frame in which the government would need to extend sufficient support and credit lines.

On the monetary policy front, the Federal Reserve reaffirmed their commitment to easing the impaired flow of credit to US households and businesses by maintaining the Federal Funds Rate in the range of 0.00-0.25%; a range we believe the Fed will very likely maintain in the near-term future. As interest rates remained stable, the administration’s renewed criticism of China and the re-introduction of possible tariffs caused treasury yields to tick slightly higher in the end of April. However, interest rates in the US were largely range-bound, with the 10-year Treasury note generally staying within a yield of 0.60-0.75% in April.

In summation, the US Economy has yet to experience the full effects of the pandemic and many investors and analysts have priced this into their expectations for the near-term future. While there is certain to be more negative news as the virus continues to spread, a silver lining can be drawn in the continued demonstration of the effectiveness of the nation’s preventative measures and the resilience of both the people and the companies of the country. With hospital utilization far lower than most estimates (as indicated by such examples as the shuttering of the USNS Comfort in NYC and McCormick Place in Chicago, both intended for hospital overflow) and some areas of the nation slowly beginning to re-open, we are beginning to see glimpses of the proverbial light at the end of the tunnel.

 International Update
 Internationally, the effects from the spread of COVID-19 were as severe and unprecedented as they were domestically. For the first quarter of 2020, the Euro Area recorded a fall in GDP of 3.80% while the EU posted a GDP contraction of 3.50%. Both recorded drops represent the sharpest declines in the data series’ history, as reported by EuroStat. This serves as a major hit to an economy already plagued with low growth throughout 2019, posting only a 0.10% GDP gain in the final quarter of 2019.

Similarly, on the purchaser side, the IHS Markit EU Purchasing Managers Index experienced a drastic fall from 29.7 in March to the all-time low of 13.5 in April. Comparing this drop to the lowest level recorded during the financial crisis of 36.2 (in February 2009), we see a bleak picture demonstrating the effect the virus has on output. Though official EuroStat unemployment numbers have yet to be released, the EU PMI Employment Index shows a tough month ahead for the EU workforce—this index experienced a historic drop, falling from around 51 in March to a new low of 33 in April.

In the monetary policy arena, the ECB maintained their position in a difficult place faced with the daunting task of combating the effects of the virus. Considering the EU’s weak historical GDP growth rate, their historic drop experienced in the first quarter, and their weak expected annual inflation for the month of April being estimated at 0.5%, the economic turmoil of the global crisis is far from over for the bloc.

Turning to Asia, the effects of the virus are also continuing to take their toll as seen in other areas of the globe. Specifically for China, while the month of March was characterized by stability as firms began to reopen, they were met with a shadow of the demand they once experienced prior to the outbreak. While the official Chinese PMI—to be taken with a rather large grain of salt in our opinion —enjoyed an incredible rate of growth in the month of March, it was once again met with a slight correction as it fell from 50.1 to 49.4 in April. To reflect this, the pace of job shedding in China’s manufacturing industry increased in April as firms scrambled to reduce costs and temporary capacity to match the drop in international demand.

Japan has yet to experience a reversal of the same magnitude as China, and leading indicators for the economy show the country does not expect this to change soon. With the economic downturn accelerating for Japan in April, the IHS Markit Composite PMI plunged further to 27.8. This reflects manager’s pessimistic outlook for the health of the Japanese economy, despite the Japanese government approving a massive stimulus program. This pessimism is stoked by many managers’ fears of the government extending the already month-long state of emergency further into the future as they continue to battle new cases of the novel virus.


Thank you for your continued trust in Partnervest.

David Young
Partnervest Advisory Services, Chief Investment Officer
AdvisorShares STAR Global Buy-Wrtie ETF (VEGA) Co-Portfolio Manager

Rebecca Valdez
Partnervest Advisory Services, Director of Investments
AdvisorShares STAR Global Buy-Wrtie ETF (VEGA) Co-Portfolio Manager

Past Manager Commentary

Information is from sources deemed to be reliable, but accuracy is not guaranteed.

*Performance and pricing data used for VEGA ETF is based on the indicated value of the ETF at the close of the day.


Beta measures the sensitivity of an investment to the movement of its benchmark. A beta higher than 1.0 indicates the investment has been more volatile than the benchmark and a beta of less than 1.0 indicates that the investment has been less volatile than the benchmark.

The Barclays Capital U.S. Intermediate Government Bond Index measures the performance of U.S. Dollar denominated investment grade U.S. corporate securities that have a remaining maturity of greater than one year and less than ten years.

The Cboe S&P 500 BuyWrite Index (BXM) is a benchmark index designed to track the performance of a hypothetical buy-write strategy on the S&P 500 Index.

The Consumer Sentiment Index is a monthly survey of U.S. consumer confidence levels conducted by the University of Michigan. It is based on telephone surveys that gather information on consumer expectations regarding the overall economy.

covered call option involves holding a long position in a particular asset, in this case shares of an ETP, and writing a call option on that same asset with the goal of realizing additional income from the option premium.

Delta represents the rate of change between an option’s price and a $1 change in the underlying asset’s price. In other words, the price sensitivity of an option relative to the underlying.

Duration is a measure of the sensitivity of the price of a bond or other debt instrument to a change in interest rates.

The MSCI ACWI World Index is is an unmanaged free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed and emerging markets.

An option is a privilege, sold by one party to another that gives the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy (call) or sell (put) a stock at an agreed upon price within a certain period or on a specific date.

Exercising an option means to put into effect the right specified in the option contract.

An option premium is income received by an investor who sells or “writes” an option contract to another party.

A call option is considered Out Of The Money when the call option’s strike price is higher than the prevailing market price of the underlying stock. A put option is considered Out Of The Money when the put option’s strike price is lower than the prevailing market price of the underlying stock.

protective put is an option strategy which entails buying shares of a security and, at the same time, enough put options to cover those shares. This can act as a hedge on the invested security, since matching puts with shares of the stock can limit the downside (due to the nature of puts). 

The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector. The PMI is based on five major indicators: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries and the employment environment. A reading above 50 indicates expansion in the sector; below 50 indicates contraction.

put option is a contract that gives the owner of the option the right to sell a specified amount of the asset underlying the option at a specified price within a specified time.

A short position is the sale of a borrowed investment with the expectation that it will decline in value.

Theta is a measure of the rate of decline in the value of an option due to the passage of time.

Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Commonly, the higher the volatility, the riskier the security.

Implied Volatility is the estimated volatility of a security’s price. In general, implied volatility increases when the market is bearish and decreases when the market is bullish. This is due to the common belief that bearish markets are more risky than bullish markets.

The Volatility Index (VIX) is the ticker symbol for the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE) Volatility Index, which shows the market’s expectation of 30-day volatility. It is constructed using the implied volatilities of a wide range of S&P 500 index options. This volatility is meant
to be forward looking and is calculated from both calls and puts. The VIX is a widely used measure of market risk and is often referred to as the “investor fear gauge”. The VIX is a contrarian sentiment indicator that helps to determine when there is too much optimism or fear in the market.

Before investing you should carefully consider the Fund’s investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses. This and other information is in the prospectus, a copy of which may be obtained by visiting Please read the prospectus carefully before you invest. Foreside Fund Services, LLC, distributor.

There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. An investment in the Fund is subject to risk, including the possible loss of principal amount invested. Other Fund risks included: allocation risk; derivative risk; early closing risk; Exchange Traded Note risk; liquidity risk, market risk; trading risk; commodity risk; concentration risk; counterparty risk; credit risk; emerging markets and foreign securities risk; foreign currency risk; large-, mid- and small- cap stock risk. Please see the prospectus for detailed information regarding risk. The Fund is also subject to options risk. Writing and purchasing call and put options are specialized activities and entail greater than ordinary investment risk. The value of the Fund’s positions in options fluctuates in response to the changes in value of the underlying security. The Fund also risks losing all or part of the cash paid for purchasing call and put options. The Fund may not be suitable for all investors.

Shares are bought and sold at market price (closing price) not NAV and are not individually redeemed from the Fund. Market price returns are based on the midpoint of the bid/ask spread at 4:00 pm Eastern Time (when NAV is normally determined), and do not represent the return you would receive if you traded at other times. 

Holdings and allocations are subject to risks and change.

The views in this commentary are those of the portfolio manager and many not reflect his views on the date this material is distributed or any time thereafter. These views are intended to assist shareholders in understanding their investments and do not constitute investment advice.